15 de diciembre de 2017

Asclepio: nuevo número publicado Vol 69, No 2 (2017)

Asclepio  acaba de publicar su último número en

http://asclepio.revistas.csic.es/index.php/asclepio

A continuación le mostramos la tabla de contenidos. Puede visitar nuestro
sitio web para consultar los artículos que sean de su interés.

Gracias por mantener el interés en nuestro trabajo.


Edición Electrónica Revistas CSIC - Asclepio
editor.revistas@csic.es
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Asclepio
Vol 69, No 2 (2017)
Sumario
http://asclepio.revistas.csic.es/index.php/asclepio/issue/view/57


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Introducción: escenarios de las prácticas psiquiátricas en América
Latina (siglos XIX y XX) (p188)
        Aida Alejandra Golcman

Dossier
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La anatomopatología alemana en el centro de la psiquiatría argentina. Una
aproximación a los estudios clínicos en el Hospicio de las Mercedes
(1900-1910) (p189)
        Aida Alejandra Golcman, Marco Antonio Ramos
El Hospicio Nacional de Alienados en la prensa de Río de Janeiro
(1903-1911) (p190)
        Ana Teresa A. Venancio, José Roberto Saiol
Alcoholismo y degeneración en el Manicomio Departamental de Antioquia,
Colombia (1920-1930) (p191)
        Alejandro Salazar Bermúdez
De la Casa de Orates al  Open Door : el paisaje en el proyecto asilar
chileno, 1852-1928 (p192)
        María José Correa Gómez
Curar y custodiar. La cronicidad en el Manicomio La Castañeda, Ciudad de
México, 1910-1968 (p193)
        Cristina Sacristán
El niño problema como objeto institucional: la psiquiatría infantil en
Cuba, 1926-1945 (p194)
        Jennifer Lynn Lambe
Higiene mental infantil y psicoanálisis en la Clínica de Conducta,
Santiago de Chile, 1936-1938 (p195)
        Silvana Vetö
“Estou no Hospício, Deus”: problematizações sobre a loucura, o
hospício e a psiquiatria no diário de Maura Lopes Cançado (Brasil,
1959-60) (p196)
        Yonissa Wadi

Estudios
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Cultivo y usos etnobotánicos del cañamo ( Cannabis Sativa  L.) en la
ciencia árabe (siglos VIII-XVII) (p197)
        Indalecio Lozano Cámara
Andrés Bello y la difusión de la astronomía: Educación y retórica
científica (p198)
        Verónica Ramírez Errázuriz,     Patricio Leyton Alvarado
Ocaso de la Medicina Social en España: el caso de la leptospirosis (p199)
        Esteban Rodríguez Ocaña

Reseñas
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14 de diciembre de 2017

CfP: 'Exploratory Models and Exploratory Modelling in Science', special issue of Perspectives on Science

THEME: Exploratory Models and Exploratory Modelling in Science
GUEST EDITORS: Axel Gelfert, Grant Fisher, Friedrich Steinle

Unlike scientific experimentation, whose frequent exploratory uses have garnered considerable attention from historians and philosophers of science over the past two decades (cf. Steinle 1997, Burian 1997), the exploratory character of scientific models and scientific modelling has only recently begun to receive systematic treatment. Over the last couple of years, a number of case studies have deployed the labels ‘exploratory models’ or ‘exploratory modelling’ (e.g. Fisher 2016, Shech 2017) to describe episodes of scientific modelling during which the existence of an accepted body of theoretical knowledge cannot be assumed, or is itself at issue. In addition, there have been attempts to distinguish between, and classify, different exploratory functions of scientific models (Gelfert 2016), such as their use as starting points for future inquiry, as proofs of principle (e.g. regarding the viability of a proposed new method), as potential explanations, and as ways of testing the suitability and epistemic stability of the purported target system. Implicit in this taxonomy is the acknowledgement that any initial list of exploratory uses of scientific models is likely to be incomplete and itself subject to revision.

Labelling any episode of scientific research – including cases of scientific modelling – ‘exploratory’ is intended to convey more than just a sense of its priority in the chronological order of events. Rather, the label ‘exploratory’ pertains to a particular mode of doing science: one that aims at getting a grasp of a phenomenon or scientific problem in the absence of a well-understood and workable theory of the domain in question. By contrast, in those cases that have traditionally received the most attention – especially from philosophers of science – it is typically assumed that a significant prior body of theoretical knowledge is available and, in turn, suggests (not by itself, but in the hands of appropriately trained scientists) a way of rendering the phenomenon theoretically tractable, at least in principle. In exploratory research, this assumption is acknowledged to be no longer tenable. Also, while the term ‘exploratory model’ can be expected to have significant overlap with related notions (such as ‘toy model’, ‘minimal model’, or ‘substitute model’), it would be hasty to assimilate the former to the latter: exploration is neither a matter of mere chronology, nor of degree of abstraction or realism.

The proposed special issue aims to deepen our appreciation of the extent to which scientific models can serve as exploratory tools and to sharpen our understanding of what – beyond their empirical performance – makes some exploratory models more fruitful than others. Finally, an important concern will be with the legitimacy and the limitations of exploratory models (and of claims derived on their basis).

We welcome submissions that integrate historical, philosophical, and sociological perspectives and engage with recent scholarship on the matter. The overarching goal is to foster an interdisciplinary conversation concerning the character, potential, and limitations of the practice of exploratory modelling.

Submissions should be sent to a.gelfert@tu-berlin.de, no later than 30 June 2018.

Submissions should not exceed 7,500 words, include a 200-word abstract, be prepared in accordance with the journal’s formatting guidelines, and must be prepared for blind review.


For enquiries, please contact the guest editors.

CfP: Comic Epidemic: Cartoons, Caricatures and Graphic Novels


Comic Epidemic: Cartoons, Caricatures and Graphic Novels

16 February 2018 - 17 February 2018
CRASSH, University of Cambridge 


Conveners: 
Lukas Engelmann (University of Edinburgh)
Christos Lynteris (University of St. Andrews)

The ushering in of the modern epidemiological age was marked not only by the invasion of Europe and America by cholera and other pathogens, but equally by a public commentary on epidemics through the use of caricatures and comic strips. Graphic figures of speech, visual condensations and sketched comparisons provide shortcuts to the 'hardened political metaphors' (Gombrich) at stake in epidemic crises. As such, this popular mode of communication, debate and critique, was soon taken up by epidemic deniers, health critics and by governments and international agencies in public health education campaigns. Since then the use of comics both by journalists, doctors and governments, has only proliferated becoming a key component of what Charles Briggs has recently called the contested field of biocommunicability. Most recently, the US Centers of Disease Control (CDC) launched a vast epidemic preparedness campaign using a two-volume graphic novel specially designed to familiarize the general public with the principles and responsibilities of epidemic control via the story of a zombie pandemic striking America.

Both allowing governments to reach broad and diverse audiences, and critics of governmental policies to effectively undermine dominant outbreak narratives, comics are perhaps the most democratic and creative mode of fixing and destabilising truth as regards epidemic crises like SARS, Ebola or Zika in the twenty-first century. At the same time 'comic epidemics' have risen to be a popular theme in the realm of graphic novels proper, with works like The Walking Dead or the Argentinean best-seller Dengue dwelling upon the graphic narration of imaginary outbreaks to communicate commentaries on social collapse, survival ethics and the human condition at large.

Though often illustrating historical or anthropological works of epidemic disease, the comic figuration of epidemics has remained an analytically unexamined area. 

We are soliciting papers from across the social sciences and the medical humanities that examine the emergence, utilisation and transformation of comics, caricatures and animation in relation to epidemic disease, and the prospects and risks of their use in epidemic prevention, preparedness and control.

Those interested in participating in the conference should send a title and abstract of 300-400 words to Lukas Engelmann (lukas.engelmann@ed.ac.uk) and Christos Lynteris (cl537@cam.ac.uk) by 15 December 2017.

Successful applicants from the call for papers will be offered two nights' accommodation in Cambridge and up to £100 in support towards travel costs. 

Medical History - January 2018 Issue Out Now

The new issue of Medical History (Volume 62 / Issue 1, January 2017) is out now. The issue features the following articles:

*Exhibiting Good Health: Public Health Exhibitions in London, 1948–71 (Alex Mold)

*Healing a Sick World: Psychiatric Medicine and the Atomic Age (Ran Zwigenberg)

*Boyish Mannerisms and Womanly Coquetry: Patients with the Diagnosis of Transvestitismus in the Helsinki Psychiatric Clinic in Finland, 1954–68 (Katariina Parhi)

*Lechebnaia pedagogika: The Concept and Practice of Therapy in Russian Defectology, c. 1880–1936 (Andy Byford)

*Finding a Space for Women: The British Medical Association and Women Doctors in Australia, 1880–1939 (Louella McCarthy)

*‘From Defensive Paranoia to …Openness to Outside Scrutiny’: Prison Medical Officers in England and Wales, 1979–86 (Nicholas Duvall)

Further information is available via Medical History's website: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/medical-history/latest-issue

Borderlines XXII: Sickness, Strife, and Suffering

Borderlines is an annual postgraduate conference in Medieval & Early Modern studies. Held on a rotating basis in Belfast, Dublin and Cork, we aim to bring together Medievalists and Early Modernists (at MA, PhD & postdoctoral level) in all disciplines from across Ireland, Britain and around the world. This year, the conference will be held at Queens University Belfast. 
Borderlines XXII: QUB, April 13-15th 2017, ‘Sickness, Strife, and Suffering’.
Sickness, strife and suffering punctuate many medieval and early-modern narratives. When viewed by the modern eye, however, these experiences can be difficult to comprehend and empathise with, without resorting to anachronisms. Indeed, in her landmark treatise on pain, Elaine Scarry contests that ‘[p]hysical pain does not simply resist language but actively destroys it’ (Scarry, 1985: 4), thus rendering any description or explanation of pain practically impossible, regardless of era.
In the light of Scarry’s work, the specific difficulties posed by the expression and understanding of pain in the Middle Ages have been expounded upon and theorised by numerous scholars. Esther Cohen’s work on the various symbolisms of medieval pain (Cohen, 2010), in addition to Robert Mills’ adumbration of translative pain theories, mapping the medieval experience of pain onto that of the current day and vice versa (Mills, 2005), are just two examples of scholarship exploring this fascinating area of research connecting the human experience of the present with that of the past.
It is in this light that we are pleased to invite abstracts of ca. 250 words related to pain in the Middle Ages. Topics may include but are not limited to:
  • Collective pain
  • Depictions of pain
  • Explanations of pain
  • Judicial literature
  • Medical literature
  • Memory and pain
  • Narratives of suffering
  • Pain and creativity
  • Pain and pleasure
  • Psychological pain
  • Social pain
  • Religious literature
  • Suffering in the afterlife
Please send your abstracts and a brief academic biography to borderlinesxxii@gmail.com by Monday 5th February 2018

Contact Email: borderlinesxxii@gmail.com

CfP: Symposium ESHS 2018:Mathematics education in European military academies (18th and 19th centuries): unity or disunity?

SESSION PROPOSAL AND CALL FOR PAPERS
European Society for the History of Science, Biennial Conference
 
UCL Institute of Education
London, 14–17 September 2018



Mathematics education in European military academies (18th and 19th centuries): unity or disunity?

Organisers: Mònica Blanco (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya), Olivier Bruneau (Archives Poincaré-Université Lorraine)

Contact mail:

Deadline for paper submission (title+short abstract): December 14, 2017

It is well known that military academies and schools contributed essentially  to the production and circulation of higher mathematics in 18th- and 19th- century Europe. Over the past thirty years there has been a fair amount of historical work on mathematics education in European military academies, approaching the subject matter in a variety of ways. A number of studies focus on the mathematical courses produced and used at the Spanish military academies and pinpoint their outreach. Others address the importance of the military academies of Woolwich ,Sandhurst in the circulation of mathematics in Great Britain and in the appropriation of mathematical knowledge across the Channel. Meanwhile, recent works on the American military schools (e.g. West Point) consider the mathematical exchanges between France and the United States. Finally, the École Polytechnique and its school of application in Metz played a central role in the development of mathematics early in the 19th century.
Throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, these military schools and academies underwent several evolutions regarding their status, their ways of recruitment and changes in their curricula. So far such evolutions have been studied mainly individually, from a local or national perspective exclusively. Such a simplistic pattern has led up to a lack of case studies dealing with the mathematics education in military academies with a wider global perspective, and studying the local obstacles within the pedagogical, institutional or diplomatic framework. Through this symposium, we envisage exploring the local and national dynamics involved, and assessing their impact on mathematics education in the military context. More cross-national and comparative case studies will doubtless contribute to improve our understanding on the construction and circulation of mathematical knowledge in 18th- and 19th-century Europe.
Hence, the circulation of mathematical knowledge between a number of military schools and academies, not only within national boundaries, but also across borders, will be considered. We are also interested in discussing whether changes in mathematics curricula took place simultaneously or rather independently. That is, if one school underwent a change of curriculum, could the same change be tracked down at other national or international schools? Or did they prefer to stick to a more traditional education?
In short, the aim of this symposium is to provide a cross-national comparative analysis of the production and circulation of mathematics in European military academies through a number of case studies from the 18th and 19th centuries. This crossnational comparative analysis can help identify points of unity or disunity in the military educational context.

Those interested are invited to submit a title and a short draft abstract to the organizers before December 14.

The new edition of Technology's Stories (free online resource): Gendered Technology

Mar Hicks: "A Feature, Not a Bug", A Feature, Not a Bug  

Kelly O'Donnell: "'The Whole Idea Might Seem Strange to You': Selling the Menstrual Cup", Selling the Menstrual Cup

Mario Bianchini: "Women on the Right Track: Integrating Women into the Communist Technological Utopia", Women on the Right Track  

Plus a feature essay from Anto Mohsin, "National Electricity Day: From 'Electricity-Minded Nation' to 'My Idea for PLN'", National Electricity Day 


Technology's Stories offers innovative, sharp, and compelling storytelling about technology in society, past and present.
It aims to engage scholars, students, and the interested general public with the usable past - with stories that can help us make sense of contemporary technological challenges and aspirations.
Pieces are strong on content and light on academic jargon, making them especially suitable for undergraduates.

Interested in putting together an issue for Technology's Stories? Or publishing a standalone essay? Please contact us at techstories@techculture.org.

We invite contributions from across the spectrum, from graduate students to senior scholars.

CfP - Bucharest Colloquium in Early Modern Science

Bucharest Colloquium in Early Modern Science: “Mathematical mixtures”: disciplines, epistemic genres and systems of practices in the (early) modern world
March 13-15, 2018
Invited speakers: Arianna Borrelli (Technical University, Berlin), Hasok Chang (University of Cambridge), David Marshall Miller (University of Iowa), Cesare Pastorino (Technical University, Berlin), Friedrich Steinle (Technical University, Berlin).
The seventh edition of the Bucharest Colloquium in Early Modern Science will focus on the interplay between quantification, practice(s) and the emergence of new epistemic genres in the early modern period (broadly conceived). We are especially interested in the several ways in which debates on epistemic genres and disciplinary boundaries contributed to the shaping of new “forms of mathematization” from the 16th century to the 18th century (and beyond).
One of our aims with this colloquium is to bring together scholars coming from different disciplines, thus cutting across the established divisions and traditional temporal delimitations. We invite papers coming from history of science, history of philosophy, philosophy of scientific practices, STS, &HPS etc., dealing with case studies coming from the 16th to the18th century. We hope that methodological tolerance and historical diversity can improve our understanding of the wide diversity of “mathematical mixtures” which were so essential for the emergence of the modern sciences.
To submit a proposal, please send a 500 word abstract and a short CV to dana.jalobeanu@gmail.com by December 10; notification of acceptance by December 20.

CfA: Histories of Citizen Science in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe

CFA: Histories of Citizen Science in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe
(CFA for thematic section in Studia Historiae Scientiarum 2019)
Citizen science is becoming the most important trend in science of the 21st century. Increasingly used as a method of collecting and classifying data, amateur networks help scientists to enlarge the scope of their inquiries, transgress geographical or cultural boundaries, and process big data. Clearly, this is not a new development: amateurs have long been involved in helping to gather seismological or meteorological data, collect specimens, dig out archeological artifacts and write histories. Scholars readily engaged in such collaborations, sometimes developed as a part of state service, but often also actively sought amateur participation in, for instance, natural or language collections. Training observers and collectors thus became a part of the building of collective identities, whether that entity be the state, an empire or a nation.
For sure, engaging amateurs in discussions is not an easy task, often involving a long process of trust gaining and the mutual learning of languages (Epstein 1998). Sometimes it takes the form of “cultivating” and “calibrating” both networks and their individual members (Coen 2013). It may involve the rethinking of their own methodology or values, leading to a change in classifications or a movement of the inquiry into completely new areas of research. Amateurs have never been just mute actors in such networks, but had their own agendas and interests, including changing their own position in this professional-lay network. These recalibrations and reconsiderations of lay network participation is also visible in countries with “people’s science” (Aronova 2017) and “vernacular science” (Fan 2012), where official ideologies oscillated between acknowledgment of professionalization and the cult of the lay masses.

Our special section inquires into modes of civic participation in the history of scientific knowledge in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe, from the onset of scholarly professionalization up to nowadays. We encourage especially submissions discussing the peculiarities of professional-lay relations in the region as well as comparative studies. Papers are not limited to, but should seek to answer, such questions as:
  • What forms of lay participation and civil science appeared in the region? Which specificities did they develop, and in which political projects and discourses were they involved (empire-building, nation-building, state-building etc.)? Who were the actors mobilizing civil networks: – imperial or nationalist scholars, politicians intending to change science and scholarship, social activists?
  • How did forms of civil science react to changes of state boundaries and political regimes? Did boundary change mean the end of lay networks, or did they follow their own trajectories independent of political changes?
  • What was civil science under state socialism and communism? Which forms of lay participation were encouraged and which repressed and prohibited?
  • To what extent did lay participation transgress linguistic, cultural and state boundaries? Did transnational networks develop, either during the era of empires and Soviet Bloc politics or the era of national states?
  • How were the norms for lay participation developed and managed? Who were the actors influencing norm-building and norm-changing? Did such negotiations affect only individual networks, or can we find spillover-effects beyond people directly involved?

We invite the submission of abstracts on the questions and topics raised above. Please send an abstract of no more than 500 words and a short biographical sketch to jan.surman@gmail.com.
The editors will ask the authors of selected papers to submit their final articles no later than July 1st 2018. The articles will be published after a peer-review process.
Studia Historiae Scientiarum is a peer-reviewed, diamond open access journal devoted to the history of science. For more information visit: http://www.ejournals.eu/Studia-Historiae-Scientiarum/ .

The deadline for the submission of abstracts: January 20th 2018.

CfP: 6º Encontro Nacional de História das Ciências e da Tecnologia / 9-11 juliol de 2018 - Almada (Lisboa), Portugal

Poderão ser submetidas propostas sob forma de comunicações individuais ou sessões temáticas (com um mínimo de 3 comunicações).
Para comunicações individuais, o autor deve preencher o formulário e incluir o título da comunicação, afiliação e resumo até 300 palavras.
Para sessões temáticas, o proponente deve enviar um email para enhct.2018@gmail.com com o assunto “Sessão organizada – último nome” com a seguinte informação, num único ficheiro, em formato .doc:
•  Título da sessão, afiliação e nota biográfica (até 150 palavras) do proponente, e resumo da sessão (até 300 palavras);
•  Nome, afiliação dos autores e resumo individual até 250 palavras das comunicações a incluir na sessão.
Para sessões de discussão de trabalhos em curso, o autor deve preencher o formulário e incluir o título da comunicação, afiliação e resumo até 300 palavras em que explicite que a apresentação diz respeito a um trabalho em desenvolvimento.
Serão privilegiadas as propostas que incidam a sua discussão na temática do Encontro.

O prazo limite para o envio dos resumos é 31 de Janeiro de 2018.